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Wiki Page: Designing Living Objects
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Title: Designing Living Objects
Description: The aim of this activity is to investigate how one or more objects in an antropic environment (home, office, hospital) can be designed and implemented to have a character and to move, having nice interactions with people. The work to be done concerns the analysis, definition, design and implementation of at least one of these objects.
Tutor: [[AndreaBonarini | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 15 October 2017
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 20
Research Area: Robotics
Research Topic: Living Objects
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Thesis, Course

Wiki Page: Detecting patterns in ontology usage
Title: Detecting patterns in ontology usage
Description: When building a new knowledge base the reuse of existing, well known vocabularies is often desirable. However, sometimes it is not clear which ontology should be preferable or which term is best suited for a specific application. Aim of this project is to detect patterns in ontology usage by harvesting ontologies which use a given schema (i.e. Foaf or Dublin Core) and analysing how people are using them in practice. The resulting application should download ontologies from the main semantic search engines (such as http://watson.kmi.open.ac.uk/ and http://sindice.com/), parse them and calculate statistics about the terms used inside them. The tool should show these statistics, save them in an appropriate format and make them available through an API for use by external applications.
Tutor: [[DavideEynard | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start:
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 20
Research Area: Social Software and Semantic Web
Research Topic: Semantic Annotations
Level: Master of Science
Type: Course, Thesis

Wiki Page: Driving an autonomous wheelchair with a P300-based BCI
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Title: Driving an autonomous wheelchair with a P300-based BCI
Description: This project pulls together different Airlab projects with the aim to drive an autonomous wheelchair (LURCH) with a BCI, through the development of key software modules. Depending on the effort the student is willing to put into it, the project can grow to a full experimental thesis.
Tutor: [[MatteoMatteucci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 November 2008
Students: 1
CFU: 5 - 20
Research Area: BioSignal Analysis
Research Topic: Brain-Computer Interface
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Course

Wiki Page: Electromagnetic kicker for middle-size RoboCup soccer robots
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Title: Electromagnetic kicker for middle-size RoboCup soccer robots
Description: The Milan RoboCup Team, a team of soccer robots that play in the Middle Size league of RoboCup (1) employs as kicker an electromagnetic device entirely designed within the AIRLab with external collaborations such as the Energetic department at Politecnico di Milano and the Electronics section at DEI. Basically, the device consists of a solenoid, a capacitor and a PIC-based board that controls (through an external integrated circuit) the charge of the capacitor at 400V (using the 24V batteries of the robot) and the generation of the magnetic field in the solenoid. The magnetic field accelerates a metallic cylinder that hits the soccer ball.

The aim of the project is to design, implement, test, and evaluate a new version of the device. While the charge phase, implemented by an ad-hoc IC controlled by the PIC, is quite efficient, some work has to be done in order to design a new solenoid and improve the way the PIC implements a sort of modulation of strength of the shoot, in order to implement small passages between robots. The final purpose is to improve the efficiency of the system, with the aim of minimize the energy consumed and maximize the energy transmitted to the ball, in order to obtain more powerful shots.

The first part of the project is focused on some theoretical aspects in order to understand the current design and evaluate how to improve it, while the second phase will be focused on the implementation and test of a new prototype of the kicking device. Experience with PIC-based systems is a plus, but not required, while some experience with electronics circuits is highly recommended. Students are supposed to work in the lab following a set of safety guidelines and rules with circuits at 400V, with 10A pick current during charge phase, and even more during shots. Student from electronics engineering are really welcomed to choose this project.

  1. http://www.er.ams.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp/robocup-mid/index.cgi
Tutor: [[LuigiMalago | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 October 2009
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 5
Research Area: Robotics
Research Topic: Milan Robocup Team
Level: Master of Science
Type: Course

Wiki Page: Embedded registers view plug-in for Eclipse
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Title: Embedded registers view plug-in for Eclipse
Description: JOINT PROJECT with the Embedded Systems group (contact: Patrick Bellasi http://home.dei.polimi.it/bellasi/)

When developing embedded applications it is frequently needed to look at *hardware register content* in order to *debug the code*. All commercial development suites offer register views that show their contents as well as the meaning of each bit. Open source development solutions currently lack this feature, meaning that you have to look to the correct memory location and map the content to the corresponding register bits manually. This seems to be one of the most limiting issues when developing embedded application using open source solutions.

This project aims to fill this gap, developing an Eclipse plug-in that shows the register contents in a tree viewer, like most commercial suites do.

Tutor: [[AndreaBonarini | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 30 May 2011
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 2 - 5
Research Area: Robotics
Research Topic: Robot development
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Course

Wiki Page: Environment Monitoring
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Title: Environment Monitoring
Description: The goal of this project is to develop a video surveillance system to track in 3D vehicles or people.

The idea is to use one or more calibrated camera to estimate the position and the trajectories of the moving objects in the scene. The skills required for this project are:

  • C/C++ and OpenCV library
  • Linux o.s.
  • Geometry/Image processing
  • Probabilistic robotics/IMAD
Tutor: [[MatteoMatteucci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start:
Students: 2 - 3
CFU: 10 - 15
Research Area: Computer Vision and Image Analysis
Type: Course

Wiki Page: Exploratory data analysis by genetic feature extraction
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Title: Exploratory data analysis by genetic feature extraction
Description: Understanding the waves in EEG signals is an hard task and psicologists often need automatic tools to perform this task. In this project we are interested in using a genetic algorithm developed for P300 feature extraction in order to extract useful informations from Error Potentials. The project is a collaboration with the psicology department od Padua University.
Tutor: [[MatteoMatteucci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 October 2009
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 20
Research Area: BioSignal Analysis
Research Topic: Brain-Computer Interface
Level: Master of Science
Type: Course, Thesis

Wiki Page: Extended Kalman Filtering on Manifolds
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Title: Extended Kalman Filtering on Manifolds
Description: Extended Kalman filtering is a well known technique for the estimation of the state of a dynamical system also used in robotics for localization and mapping. However in the basic formulation it assumes all variables to live in an Euclidean space while some components may span over the non-Euclidean 2D or 3D rotation group SO(2) or SO(3). It is thus possible to write tha Extended Kalman filter to operate on Lie Groups to take into account the presence of manifolds (http://www.ethaneade.org/latex2html/lie/lie.html). We are interestend in investigation this further applying it to the EKF-SLAM framework we have developed.

Material:

  • papers about Manifold based optimization and space representations
  • C++ framework for EKF-SLAM

Expected outcome:

  • An extended Kalman filter which uses this new representation

Required skills or skills to be acquired:

  • Good mathematical background
  • C++ programming under Linux
Tutor: [[MatteoMatteucci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 April 2012
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 20 - 20
Research Area: Robotics
Research Topic: None
Level: Master of Science
Type: Thesis

Wiki Page: Extending a search engine with semantic information
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Title: Extending a search engine with semantic information
Description: We are used to keyword-based search engines, where only documents matching the exact words in the query are retrieved. In a traditional search engine, if you submit the query "a dinosaur in a university in Lombardy" you won't probably find a document containing the phrase "a velociraptor in Politecnico di Milano", even though it's more or less what you were looking for.

Aim of this project is to expand a traditional search engine with semantic information, so that also documents containing words related to the ones in the query can be retrieved. Existing thesauri and ontologies can be used, as well as more dynamic and collaborative sources of knowledge such as user tags and wikipedia pages and categories.

Starting points for this work can be the projects "SeQuEx - Semantic Query Expansion" and "Enriching search results with semantic metadata".

Tutor: [[DavidLaniado | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start:
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 20
Research Area: Social Software and Semantic Web
Research Topic: Semantic Search
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Course, Thesis

Wiki Page: Facebook automatic list suggestion
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Title: Facebook Automatic List Suggestion
Description: In Facebook each user can create lists of friends (for example: "high school","university","tennis") to better filter information and manage privacy.

Goal of this project is to develop a Facebook application to analyze a user's network of friends and automatically detect groups to suggest lists.

Tutor: [[DavidLaniado | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start:
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 10
Research Area: Social Software and Semantic Web
Research Topic: Social Network Analysis
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Course

Wiki Page: Flying machine
Flying machine.jpg
Title: design of a bird-wing-based flying machine
Description: goal of this project is to design and develop bird-like artificial wings for a simple prototype of a machine that can fly, carrying one or more persons
Tutor: [[LeonardoDaVinci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start:
Students:
CFU:
Research Topic: Flying Machines
Level: Bachelor of Science
Type: Course

Wiki Page: Human-Like AI in Games
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Title: Human-Like AI in Games
Description: Developing a human-like AI is a challenging and fascinating problem from the point of view of the Artificial Intelligence research. At the same time, it is also a significative prolem for the computer games development: playing against humans is generally more exciting than playing against computers.

Our projects and theses on this topic involve two different games: Unreal Tournament 2004 and TORCS. Please contact us for additional information.

References
Tutor: [[DanieleLoiacono | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 October 2009
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 20
Research Area: Computational Intelligence and Games
Research Topic: Computational Intelligence and Games
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Course, Thesis

Wiki Page: Information geometry and machine learning
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Title: Information geometry and machine learning
Description: In machine learning, we often introduce probabilistic models to handle uncertainty in the data, and most of the times due to the computational cost, we end up selecting (a priori, or even at run time) a subset of all possible statistical models for the variables that appear in the problem. From a geometrical point of view, we work with a subset (of points) of all possible statistical models, and the choice of the fittest model in out subset can be interpreted as a the point (distribution) minimizing some distance or divergence function w.r.t. the true distribution from which the observed data are sampled. From this perspective, for instance, estimation procedures can be considered as projections on the statistical model and other statistical properties of the model can be understood in geometrical terms. Information Geometry (1,2) can be described as the study of statistical properties of families of probability distributions, i.e., statistical models, by means of differential and Riemannian geometry.

Information Geometry has been recently applied in different fields, both to provide a geometrical interpretation of existing algorithms, and more recently, in some contexts, to propose new techniques to generalize or improve existing approaches. Once the student is familiar with the theory of Information Geometry, the aim of the project is to apply these notions to existing machine learning algorithms.

Possible ideas are the study of a particular model from the point of view of Information Geometry, for example as Hidden Markov Models, Dynamic Bayesian Networks, or Gaussian Processes, to understand if Information Geometry can give useful insights with such models. Other possible direction of research include the use of notions and ideas from Information Geometry, such as the mixed parametrization based on natural and expectation parameters (3) and/or families of divergence functions (2), in order to study model selection from a geometric perspective. For example by exploiting projections and other geometric quantities with "statistical meaning" in a statistical manifold in order to chose/build the model to use for inference purposes.

Since the project has a theoretical flavor, mathematical inclined students are encouraged to apply. The project requires some extra effort in order to build and consolidate some background in math, partially in differential geometry, and especially in probability and statistics.

Bibliography

  1. Shun-ichi Amari, Hiroshi Nagaoka, Methods of Information Geometry, 2000
  2. Shun-ichi Amari, Information geometry of its applications: Convex function and dually flat manifold, Emerging Trends in Visual Computing (Frank Nielsen, ed.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5416, Springer, 2009, pp. 75–102
  3. Shun-ichi Amari, Information geometry on hierarchy of probability distributions, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 47 (2001), no. 5, 1701–1711.
Tutor: [[MatteoMatteucci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 October 2009
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 20 - 20
Research Area: Machine Learning
Research Topic: Information Geometry
Level: Master of Science
Type: Course, Thesis

Wiki Page: LARS and LASSO in non Euclidean Spaces
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Title: LARS and LASSO in non Euclidean Spaces
Description: LASSO (1) and more recently LARS (2) are two algorithms proposed for linear regression tasks. In particular LASSO solves a least-squares (quadratic) optimization problem with a constrain that limits the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients of the regression, while LARS can be considered as a generalization of LASSO, that provides a more computational efficient way to obtain the solution of the regression problem simultaneously for all values of the constraint introduced by LASSO.

One of the common hypothesis in regression analysis is that the noise introduced in order to model the linear relationship between regressors and dependent variable has a Gaussian distribution. A generalization of this hypothesis leads to a more general framework, where the geometry of the regression task is no more Euclidean. In this context different estimation criteria, such as maximum likelihood estimation and other canonical divergence functions do not coincide anymore. The target of the project is to compare the different solutions associated to different criteria, for example in terms of robustness, and propose generalization of LASSO and LARS in non Euclidean contexts.

The project will focus on the understanding of the problem and on the implementation of different algorithms, so (C/C++ or Matlab or R) coding will be required. Since the project has also a theoretical flavor, mathematical inclined students are encouraged to apply. The project may require some extra effort in order to build and consolidate some background in math, especially in probability and statistics.

Picture taken from (2)

Bibliography

  1. Tibshirani, R. (1996), Regression shrinkage and selection via the lasso. J. Royal. Statist. Soc B., Vol. 58, No. 1, pages 267-288
  2. Bradley Efron, Trevor Hastie, Iain Johnstone and Robert Tibshirani, Least Angle Regression, 2003
Tutor: [[MatteoMatteucci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 October 2009
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 20 - 20
Research Area: Machine Learning
Research Topic: Informtion Geometry
Level: Master of Science
Type: Course, Thesis

Wiki Page: LCM middleware on embedded platform
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Title: LCM middleware on embedded platform
Description: We are developing a framework for rapid prototyping of low-cost robotic systems. To fasten robot design and building, and to make software and hardware reuse easier, a modular architecture is mandatory.

In a context of smart modules that have to cooperate by exchanging data to reach their common goal, the communication protocol and middleware are core components. This project is about the middleware component, a publish/subscribe system that takes care of managing topics, publisher and subscribers, and of marshaling data before sending it. This project aims at porting the LCM marshaling and middleware library, developed at MIT and used in the Grand Challenge competition, to embedded systems, in order to exploit the existing LCM tools and to be compliant with an existing and efficient technology.

The project consists in:

  • stripping non necessary features of LCM to match the constraints of an embedded system and of the communication protocol
  • adding necessary features, like the concept of deadline (and priority as a consequence), that are mandatory for a real time distributed system
  • building a gateway, on an embedded platform, that acts as gateway between the standard-LCM world and the embededd-LCM network

The projects has to be developed in ANSI C, and experience with embedded platforms is a plus.

Tutor: [[AndreaBonarini | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 October 2011
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 20 - 20
Research Area: Robotics
Research Topic: Robot development
Level: Master of Science
Type: Thesis

Wiki Page: Mesh Refinement with Deep Learning
Title: Mesh Refinement with Deep Learning
Description: Mesh Refinement with Deep Learning
Tutor: [[AndreaRomanoni | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: October 2018
Students: 1
CFU: 5
Research Area: Computer Vision and Image Analysis
Level: Master of Science
Type: Thesis

Wiki Page: Mining wikipedia categories
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Title: Wikipedia category map
Description: Wikipedia articles are organized in a hierarchy of categories, manually assigned by users. This process can be considered a huge effort for the collective categorization of human knowledge; the result is a wide and disordered graph which can provide precious information for a variety of applications (natural language processing, information retrieval, ontology building...).

In the project "Wikipedia Category Map" a tool has been developed to extract the graph of Wikipedia categories, to store it in RDF format and to interactively visualize and explore it. Aim of this project is to analyze the resulting graph for the extraction of semantic relationships; for example it is possible to define metrics of distance between topics in the graph, which can be useful for various purposes in information retrieval.

Tutor: [[DavidLaniado | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 7 July 2009
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 20
Research Area: Social Software and Semantic Web
Research Topic: Semantic Tagging
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Course, Thesis

Wiki Page: MoonSLAM Reengineering
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Title: Reengineering of a flexible framework for simultaneous localization and mapping
Description: In the last three years a general framework for the implementation of EKF-SLAM algorithm has been developed at the AIRLab. After several improvements it is now time to redesign it based on the experience cumulated. The goal is to have an international reference framework for the development of EKF based SLAM algorithms with multiple sensors (e.g., lasers, odometers, inertial measurement ) and different motion models (e.g., free 6DoF motion, planar motion, ackerman kinematic, and do on). The basic idea is to implement it by using C++ templates, numerically stable techniques for Kalman filtering and investigation the use of automatic differentiation. It should be possible to seamlessly exchange motion model and sensor model without having to write code beside the motion model and the measurement equation.

Material

  • lots of theoretical background and material
  • an existing (and working) C++ implementation of the framework

Expected outcome:

  • a C++ library for the implementation of generic EKF-SLAM algorithms

Required skills:

  • Experienced C++ programming under Linux
Tutor: [[MatteoMatteucci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 January 2015
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 20 - 20
Research Area: Robotics
Research Topic: None
Level: Master of Science
Type: Thesis

Wiki Page: Multimodal GUI for driving an autonomous wheelchair
LURCH wheelchair.jpg
Title: Multimodal GUI for driving an autonomous wheelchair
Description: This project pulls together different Airlab projects with the aim to drive an autonomous wheelchair (LURCH - The autonomous wheelchair) with a multi modal interface (Speech Recognition, Brain-Computer Interface, etc.), through the development of key software modules. The work will be validated with live experiments.
Tutor: [[MatteoMatteucci | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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), [[SimoneCeriani | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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), [[DavideMigliore | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 October 2009
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 5 - 10
Research Area: BioSignal Analysis
Research Topic: Brain-Computer Interface
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Course

Wiki Page: Odometric system based on circular points
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Title: An odometric sensor based on circular points
Description: Development of an odometric sensor based on an uncalibrated camera pointing the floor based on circular points. The system should extend an existing prototype introducing a robust mechanism for tracking of feature points, and by integrating possibly available information about the robot motion.

Material:

  • existing prototypical implementation of the system

Expected outcome:

  • an odometric sensor for planar odometry with uncalibrated camera

Required skills or skills to be acquired:

  • Good mathematical background
  • Backgroundd in computer vision
  • C++ programming under Linux
Tutor: [[VincenzoCaglioti | ]] (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , … further resultswarning.png
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Start: 1 April 2012
Students: 1 - 2
CFU: 10 - 20
Research Area: Computer Vision and Image Analysis
Research Topic: None
Level: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science
Type: Thesis

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